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Interlinking of Rivers

Achievements of Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) Programme

  • Interlinking of River (ILR) programme is of national importance and has been taken up on high Priority. Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources, RD & GR is monitoring the progress of ILR on weekly basis. The mission of this programme is to ensure greater equity in the distribution of water by enhancing the availability of water in drought prone and rain-fed area.
  • Under the National Perspective Plan (NPP) prepared by Ministry of Water Resources, NWDA has already identified 14 links under Himalayan Rivers Component and 16 links under Peninsular Rivers Component for inter basin transfer of water based on field surveys and investigation and detailed studies.
  • Out of these, Feasibility Reports of 14 links under Peninsular Component and 2 links (Indian portion) under Himalayan Component have been prepared.

Special Committee for ILR

  • As per the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, a Cabinet Note on ILR was submitted to Union Cabinet on July 16, 2014.
    1. Union Cabinet in its meeting held on July 24, 2014 approved the constitution of the Special Committee on ILR.
    2. Accordingly, Special Committee on ILR as per the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme court was constituted vide order dated September 23, 2014.
  • Thirteen meetings of the Special Committee for Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) have been held so far on October 17, 2014, January 6, 2015, March 19, 2015, May 14, 2015, July 13, 2015. September 15, 2015, November 18, 2015, February 08, 2016, April 29, 2016, July 26, 2016, November 09, 2016, March 08, 2017 and July 27, 2017 at New Delhi. The committee, after considering the views of all the Stakeholders, is proceeding ahead to expedite the objectives of the interlinking of rivers as per terms of reference. Vigorous efforts have been taken up for generating consensus with development of alternative plans and also setting out road maps for implementation of mature projects.
  • Special Committee for Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) decided to constitute for specific Sub-Committees.
  • Sub-committee for comprehensive evaluation of various studies / reports.
  • Sub-Committee for system studies for identifications of most appropriate alternate plan.
  • Sub-committee for consensus building through negotiations and arriving at agreement between concerned States And
  • Sub-Committee for restructuring of National Water Development Agency.
    The sub-committee for Restructuring of NWDA has held various meetings and submitted its report on 21.09.2015.
  • Meetings of rest these Sub-Committees are being held regularly and their works is in progress.

Task Force for ILR

  • A Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers has been constituted by the Ministry on April 13, 2015 which also meets the requirement of Committee of experts as directed by the Cabinet while approving the constitution of Special Committee. Eight meetings of Task Force were held on 23rd April, 2015, 5th November, 2015, 28th April, 2016, 15th June, 2016, 25th October, 2016, 13th February, 2017, 11th May 2017 and 15th September, 2017 respectively.

Group on Intra-state River Links

  • A Group on Intra-State River links has been constituted by MoWR, RD & GR on 12.03.2015.
    The Group has reviewed all relevant issues on Intra – State River Links including the definition of such link, consider and suggest about the funding of intra-state river link projects. The Group has held various meetings and submitted its report on 28.05.2015 to the Ministry of Water Resource, RD & GR.

Ken – Betwa Link Project Phase-I

  • Ken-Betwa link project has been declared as National Project by the Government of India.

Status of Ken-Betwa link Phase-I

Status of Ken-Betwa link Phase-I
Sl.No. Activity Present status
(i) Techno-economic Clearance by Advisory Committee, MoWR, RD & GR Techno-economic clearance to the project accorded by the Advisory Committee headed by Secretary (WR,RD& GR) in its 129th meeting held on 08.07.2016.
(ii) Statutory Clearances
(a) Wildlife Clearance Standing Committee of NBWL of MoEF&CC chaired by Hon’ble Minister (EF & CC) recommended the project for accord of Wildlife Clearance in its 39th meeting held on 23.08.2016.
(b) Env Environment Clearance Expert Appraisal Committee of MoEF&CC considered and recommended for accord of Environment Clearance in its meeting held on 30.12.2016.
(c) Forest Land Diversion Clearance Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) in its meetings held on 16th May, 2017 has recommended for accord of the Forest Clearance. Stage I clearance issued on 25.05.2017 with certain conditions.
(d) Clearance from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) MoTA has accorded the clearance vide letter dated 04.01.2017.
(iii) Investment clearance MoWR, RD &GR has accorded the Investment Clearance vide letter dated 19th June 2017.
Central Empowered Committee (CEC) Review
(i) Review by Central Empowered Committee constituted by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India The CEC considered the proposal in its meeting held on 1st May, 2017. The Committee requested for additional information to examine the proposal, which has been submitted on 23.05.2017.

Various activities regarding Funding Pattern and Implementation Mechanism are as follows:

Various activities regarding Funding Pattern and Implementation Mechanism
Sl.No. Activity Present status
(i) Funding Pattern Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP) was declared as National Project in the year 2009, which entailed 90:10 funding i.e. 90% Union Government & 10% State Governments (Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh), which has now been changed to 60:40.

Keeping in view of its immense benefits to Bundelkhand region, the project is required to be put on fast track for which it may be necessary to provide funding for this project at 90 (C ): 10 (S).

On the suggestion of NITI Aayog a draft Cabinet Note for funding pattern of Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP) regarding 90 (C) : 10 (S) duly approved by Union Minister for WR,RD&GR, was circulated on 21st February, 2017 to concerned Ministries/ Departments for their comments/views.

(ii) Implementation Mechanism A draft Cabinet Note for implementation mechanism of Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP) duly approved by Union Minister for WR, RD&GR, was circulated on 30th May, 2017 to concerned Ministries/Departments for their comments/views.
(iii) Review By Principal Secretary to Prime Minister The Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister has reviewed the status of implementation on 03.06.2017 and decided that KBLP should be considered first by Public Investment Board (PIB) before the Cabinet. It was decided in the meeting that KBLP would be taken up for implementation through restructured Narmada Hydro-electric Development Corporation (NHDC) as a Special Purpose Vehicle.

The Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister has discussed the KBLP with the officers of M.P. & U.P. on 04.07.2017. It was decided that since the project is beneficial to both MP and UP both the State Administrations should work out an agreement on mutual water sharing to take the KBLP forward. Once the agreement is reached, both the States may approach Government of India for further action.

(iv) En Public Investment Board (PIB) Memo Public Investment Board (PIB) Memorandum for appraisal of Ken-Betwa Link Project duly approved by the Secretary, WR, Rd & GR has been circulated vide letter dated 9th June, 2017 to concerned Ministries/Departments for their comments/views

Ken-Betwa Link Project Phase-II

The DPR of Ken-Betwa Link Project Phase-II was sent to concerned States of MP and UP in January, 2014. The DPR of KBLP Phase-II of 2014 included Lower Orr Dam and other barrages as proposed by Government of MP. Subsequently, the Bina Complex Project was added to it and two barrages viz; Neemkheda and Barari dropped. The DPR of KBLP Phase-II Project which now include Lower Orr, Kotha Barrage and Bina Complex is under finalisation. The present status of these DPRs is furnished below:

(i) Lower Orr Project

The DPR of Lower Orr project is under techno-economic appraisal with CWC. The project has been recommended by Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) of MoEF&CC for Environmental Clearance on 2.5.2016. Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) of MoEF&CC has also considered the project in its meeting held on 30th March, 2017 and recommended the project for Forest Land Diversion Clearance.

(ii) Bina Complex

The DPR of Bina Complex project is under techno-economic appraisal with CWC. Certain compliances are awaited from Government of M.P. The project has been considered by EAC of MoEF&CC for Environmental Clearance and by FAC of MoEF&CC for Forest Land Diversion Clearance.

(iii) Kotha Barrage

The DPR of Kotha Barrage project is under techno-economic appraisal with CWC. EIA study of Kotha Barrage has already been awarded by MP WRD as per ToR granted by MoEF&CC in December, 2016. The completion of EIA and getting the Environmental clearance may take about one year time, as three season data is necessary for completion of EIA studies.

Damanganga-Pinjal Link Project and Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project

Damanganga-Pinjal Link Project and Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project are twin links concerning Maharashtra and Gujarat. Damanganga-Pinjal Link Project benefits Maharashtra while Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project benefits Gujarat. The detailed Project Reports of both links are ready. Central Water Commission has completed techno-economic appraisal of Damanganga-Pinjal Link Project while the techno-economic appraisal of Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project is in advance stage.

The matter regarding sharing of water is under discussions amongst the officials of the Governments of Maharashtra and Gujarat States and MoWR, RD & GR/NWDA. In this context, the Secretary (WR, RD&GR) held meetings with Hon’ble Chief Minister, Gujarat on 31st December, 2016; 6th May, 2017; and 5th July, 2017 at Gandhi Nagar.

Discussion on MOU for implementation of these projects is under final stage. Hon’ble Chief Minister, Maharashtra vide letter dated 20th July, 2017 has requested for inclusion of 4 Intra-State links viz. Par-Nar-Girna Valley Link, Par-Godavari Link, Damanganga-Godavari Link and Damanganga-Vaitarna-Godavari Link, under the MoU.

Hon’ble Union Minister (WR, RD & GR) held a meeting with Hon’ble Chief Minister of Maharashtra regarding implementation of Damanganga-Pinjal and Par-Tapi-Narmada link projects on 8th September, 2017 at Mumbai. Further Hon’ble Union Minister (WR, RD & GR) in a meeting with Hon’ble Chief Ministers of Maharashtra and Gujarat States recently on 25th September, 2017 at Delhi. The response of both the State Governments is considered to be positive in this regard.

Mahanadi – Godavari Link Project

  • Mahanadi Godavari link is the first and critical link of nine link system of Mahanadi-Godavari-Krishna-Pennar-Cauvery-Vaigai-Gundar under Peninsular Component of NPP.
  • The Government of Odisha was not agreeable for the Mahanadi (Manibhadra) - Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra dam proposed under the link project.
  • As decided during weekly review meetings taken by the Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources, RD & GR on December 3,2014, NWDA has examined feasibility of Mahanadi – Godavari link to address concerns of Govt. of Odisha due to considerable submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam in Mahanadi – Godavari link.
  • Alternate proposals of Manibhadra – Mahanadi with reduced submergence has been prepared and discussed with Principal Secretary, WRD, Odisha on 06.04.2015 by DG, NWDA.
  • Based on the suggestions of WRD, Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has proposed a revised preliminary proposal of Mahanadi-Godavari link project with reduced submergence. A presentation on the revised proposal of Mahanadi-Godavari link project has been made to the Hon’ble Chief Minister, Govt. of Odisha on 29.05.2015 by the senior officers of MoWR, RD & GR.
  • Due to variation in availability of water/water balance of Mahanadi basin at proposed Manibhadra dam site, it was decided that NIH will carry out system studies of Mahanadi-Godavari link project (Flood moderation study) and NIH has completed the study and approved by the Sub-Committee for System Studies.
  • Hon’ble Minister (WR,RD&GR) held a meeting with the Chief Minister of Odisha on 03.02.2016 at Bhubaneswar regarding Mahanadi- Godavari link project. A positive response is expected from Govt. of Odisha in this regard.

Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link

  • MSTG link envisages diversion of 43 BCM of surplus water of Manas, Sankosh and intermediate rivers, for augmenting the flow of Ganga and provide 14 BCM of water in Mahanadi basin for further diversion to South through Peninsular link system.
  • Pre-feasibility Report of MSTG link was completed in 1996 and the Feasibility Report (FR) as per the original alignment could not be completed as Manas-Sankosh-Teesta link is passing through Manas Tiger Reserve, Buxa Tiger Reserve and other forests.
  • Considering practical difficulties for surveys and investigation in the area, now NWDA has carried out alternate alignment studies avoiding various reserved forests with about 80 m lift.
  • The Hon’ble Union Minister (WR, RD & GR) has sent a D.O. letter to Hon’ble Chief Minister, West Bengal on 31.12.2015 soliciting her support to the link project, which would provide large benefits of irrigation, drinking water & flood control to Assam, West Bengal and Bihar.
  • The Feasibility Report of the Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link for Alternate alignment is under final stage of preparation.

India Water Week – 2015

  • An International Water Conference with the theme “Water Management for Sustainable Development” was successfully organized during 13 – 17 January, 2015.
  • The conference was inaugurated by Sushri Uma Bharti, Hon’ble Minster of WR, RD & GR, Government of India on 13th January, 2015 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi and was attended by about 1450 national and international delegates; Australia was the partner country.
  • Concurrently running exhibition enriching the theme and showcasing the technologies and solutions available for the areas under deliberation of the meet was also organized at Pragati Maidan during 14 – 17 January, 2015.

India Water Week – 2016

  • India Water Week (IWW) 2016 was held from April 4-8, 2016 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi and Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
  • The theme of India Water Week 2016 is “Water for all: Striving Together”.

India Water Week – 2017

  • India Water Week (IWW) 2017 was held from October 10-14, 2017 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.
  • The theme of India Water Week 2016 is “Water and Energy for inclusive growth”.

Jal Manthan-1

  • A three days conference ‘Jal Manthan’ was organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi from 20 – 22 November, 2014 to evolve strategies for better water resources development and management through wider consultations amongst various stakeholders. On the second day of the conference i.e. 21st November, 2014 issues related to ‘Interlinking of Rivers programme’ were discussed exclusively.

Jal Manthan-2

  • A two days conference ‘Jal Manthan-2’ was organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi from 22 – 23 February, 2016. The consultation and discussion was held on first day on River Basin Approach for Sustainable Development, Ground Water Management, Water Security etc. whereas, discussions on the second day was focused on Water Management, Coordination between Centre and States, Water Conservation, Innovations in Water Governance and Interlinking of Rivers etc.

Jal Manthan-3

  • A one day conference ‘Jal Manthan-3’ was organised at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 13.01.2017. The consultation and discussion was held on Implementation of PMKSY & Improvement of Water Use Efficiency, Ecology Improvement, Participatory Irrigation Management, River Basin Management, River Rejuvenation and Flood Management.

Jal Manthan-4

  • A two days conference ‘Jal Manthan-4’ was organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi from 28-29 July, 2017. The consultation and discussion was held on first day on PMKSY and its implementation, Review of progress made by States under AIBP and CAD, Ground Water Management, Water Security, discussions on the second day was focused on Interlinking of Rivers. Hon’ble Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Sushri Uma Bharti has also convened a Chintan Baithak on second day.

Intra-State Links

  • NWDA has received 47 proposals of intra-state links from 9 States viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh.
  • Out of these 47 proposals, Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFRs) of 36 intra-state links have been completed by NWDA up to March, 2017.
  • In addition to National Perspective Plan link, the Detailed Project Report (DPR) of two Intra-State links of Bihar State viz Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga and Kosi-Mechi link have been completed in December 2013 and March 2014 respectively.
  • Technical Appraisal of Kosi-Mechi link has been completed by CWC.
  • Advisory Committee on Irrigation, Flood control & multipurpose projects of MoWR, RD & GR Chaired by Secretary (WR, RD & GR) considered the proposal in its meeting held on 08.07.2016 and accorded techno-economic clearance subject to the submission of all statutory clearances.
  • Detailed Project Report of Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga link is under technical appraisal in CWC.
  • DPRs of Ponnaiyar –Palar link (Tamil Nadu), Wainganga (Gosikhurd)-Nalganga (Purna Tapi) link (Maharashtra) are under progress.

Benefit from Interlinking of Rivers (Inter basin water transfer)

  • The overall implementation of Interlinking of Rivers programme under National Perspective Plan would give benefits of 35 million hectares of irrigation, raising the ultimate irrigation potential from 140 million hectare to 175 million hectare and generation of 34000 megawatt of power, apart from the incidental benefits of flood control, navigation, water supply, fisheries, salinity and pollution control etc.