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Interlinking of Rivers

Achievements of Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) Programme

  • Interlinking of River (ILR) programme is of national importance and has been taken up on high Priority. Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources, RD & GR is monitoring the progress of ILR on weekly basis. The mission of this programme is to ensure greater equity in the distribution of water by enhancing the availability of water in drought prone and rain-fed area.
  • Under the National Perspective Plan (NPP) prepared by Ministry of Water Resources, NWDA has already identified 14 links under Himalayan Rivers Component and 16 links under Peninsular Rivers Component for inter basin transfer of water based on field surveys and investigation and detailed studies.
  • Out of these, Feasibility Reports of 14 links under Peninsular Component and 2 links (Indian portion) under Himalayan Component have been prepared.

Special Committee for ILR

  • As per the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, a Cabinet Note on ILR was submitted to Union Cabinet on July 16, 2014.
    (a)  Union Cabinet in its meeting held on July 24, 2014 approved the constitution of the Special Committee on ILR
    (b)   Accordingly, Special Committee on ILR as per the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme court was constituted vide order dated September 23, 2014
  • Eight meetings of the Special Committee for Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) have been held so far on October 17, 2014, January 6, 2015, March 19, 2015, May 14, 2015, July 13, 2015. September 15, 2015, November 18, 2015 and February 08, 2016 at New Delhi. The committee, after considering the views of all the Stakeholders, is proceeding ahead to expedite the objectives of the interlinking of rivers as per terms of reference. Vigorous efforts have been taken up for generating consensus with development of alternative plans and also setting out road maps for implementation of mature projects.
  • Important decisions taken during meetings of Special Committee. In the first meeting of the Special Committee for Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) it was decided to constitute four specific sub-committees
    • Sub-committee for comprehensive evaluation of various studies / reports
    • Sub-Committee for system studies for identifications of most appropriate alternate plan
    • Sub-committee for consensus building through negotiations and arriving at agreement between concerned States and
    • Sub-Committee for restructuring of National Water Development Agency.
      The sub-committee for Restructuring of NWDA has held various meetings and submitted its report on 21.09.2015.
      Meetings of rest these Sub-Committees are being held regularly and their works is in progress.

Task Force for ILR

  • A Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers has been constituted by the Ministry on April 13, 2015 which also meets the requirement of Committee of experts as directed by the Cabinet while approving the constitution of Special Committee. Two meetings of Task Force were held on April 23, 2015 and November 05, 2015.

Group on Intra-state River Links

  • A Group on Intra-State River links has been constituted by MoWR, RD & GR on 12.03. 2015.
    The Group has reviewed all relevant issues on Intra – State River Links including the definition of such link, consider and suggest about the funding of intra-state river link projects. The Group has held various meetings and submitted its report on 28.05.2015 to the Ministry of Water Resource, RD & GR.

Ken – Betwa Link Project


  • Ken-Betwa link project has been declared as National Project by the Government of India.
  • Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources, RD & GR has reviewed the functioning of Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR various offices in Madhya Pradesh on 1st September, 2014 in which status of Ken – Betwa link was reviewed in presence of Hon’ble Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Terms of Reference (TOR) for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study for the environmental clearance of the Project has been got approved from Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change on September 15, 2014.
  • Secretary, WR,RD&GR held a meeting with Principal Secretaries of Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh and officials of MoEF&CC to discuss the issues of Ken – Betwa link project on 21st August, 2014 at New Delhi in which benefits and submergence and report of National Tiger Conservation Authority of the project envisaged for States of Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh were discussed. Composition of the Proposed Special Purpose Vehicle for implementation of Ken – Betwa link was also discussed.
  • The Public hearings for the Ken – Betwa link project were held on 24.12.2014 and 27.12.2014
  • Detailed proceedings / documents of the public hearing under Phase – I of Ken – Betwa link have been submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change by Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board in April, 2015.
  • Revised Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report has been submitted to the Union Minister of Environment & Forest and C.C. in July, 2015.
  • Ken-Betwa link project phase-I was considered by Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) of MoEF & CC for environmental clearance is its 86th, 88th & 91st meeting held on 24.08.2015, 26 October, 2015 & 08.02.2016 respectively at New Delhi.
  • The wildlife clearance of Ken-Betwa Link Project, Phase-I has been cleared and recommended by the State Wildlife Board of Madhya Pradesh in its meeting held on 22nd September, 2015 under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh. The proposal has been submitted to MoEF&CC by PCCF (wildlife), MP vide letter dated 14.12.2015, for consideration by NBWL. The matter was under discussion in the meeting of NBWL held on 26.02.2016.
  • The FRA certificates for diversion of forest land in respect of Chhattarpur and Panna Districts have been received. The technical approval of Catchment Area Treatment (CAT) Plan from Chief Conservator of Forests Chhattarpur, Sagar, Damoh have been received. All required details/documents have been submitted to the Forest Department, MP and uploaded on MOEF & CC web site. The Forest Department, MP is processing the case of forest land diversion clearance.
  • The various clearances for Ken – Betwa link project are in the advance stages and the Government will start implementing this National Project as model link project of ILR programme after the statutory clearances


  • The DPR of the link Project completed and submitted to Government of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh on 17.01.2014.
  • Application of forest clearance of Lower Orr dam under Ken-Betwa Link Project Phase-II has been submitted online to MoEF & CC on 02.10.2014.
  • Approval of CAT plan from CCF, Shivpuri and Ashok Nagar, MP has been received and uploaded on website of MoEF & CC.
  • The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) report of Lower Orr dam under Ken-Betwa Phase-II as per approved ToR of MoEF& CC has been completed. The public hearing of Lower Orr dam has been conducted at 3 places. i.e. (i) Village Didauni district Shivpuri on 17.09.2015 (ii) Village Piprod, district Ashok Nagar on 18.09.2015 and (iii) Village Nauner, District Datia on 19.9.2015.
  • The Forest Department, MP is processing the case of forest land diversion clearance. NWDA is pursuing the matter with the concerned officials in this regard.
  • The issue of environmental clearances of Lower Orr dam has been considered by EAC in its 91st meeting held on 8.2.2016 wherein it was decided to issue the environmental clearances of the project.
  • The concerned Collector and District Forest Officer (DFO) of Ashok Nagar and Shivpuri has submitted the Form-I after completing their parts to APCCF (Land Management), Bhopal for further processing the case.
  • Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (APCCF) will submit the complete proposal soon to Govt. of Madhya Pradesh for necessary approval. The same will be submitted to MoEF&CC with their recommendations for issuing forest clearance.

Damanganga – Pinjal Link Project and Par – Tapi – Narmada Link Project

  • The MOU for preparation of DPRs of Damanganga – Pinjal & Par-Tapi-Narmada links has been signed by the Chief Ministers of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Union Minister (WR, RD & GR) in the presence of Hon’ble Prime Minister on 03.05.2010.

Damanganga – Pinjal Link Project

  • The DPR of Damanganga – Pinjal link was completed in March, 2014 and submitted to Governments of Maharasthra and Gujarat. The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) which has been made the nodal organization by Govt. of Maharasthra has submitted the Detailed Project Report of Damanganga – Pinjal link project to Central Water Commission during January, 2015 for appraisal.
  • Hon’ble Minister (WR,RD&GR) held a meeting with the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Maharashtra at Mumbai on 7thJanuary, 2015 to expedite the further course of action on the project.
  • The issue was discussed in the 8th meeting of Special Committee on ILR held on 08.02.2016 chaired by Hon’ble Minister of Water Resources River Development Ganga Rejuvenating, wherein it was observed the negotiations may be expedited. Further, it was suggested that the discussion may be taken up at the Governmental level.

Par – Tapi – Narmada Link Project

  • The Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project has been completed by NWDA in August, 2015 and submitted to Government of Maharashtra and Government of Gujarat.
  • The matter was discussed during the 8th meeting of the Special Committee on ILR held on 08.02.2016 chaired by Hon’ble Minister of WR RD & GR wherein the members desired that the process of water sharing agreement between the two States may be expedited.
  • A fresh Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on water sharing between Gujarat and Maharashtra for Damanganga-Pinjal and Par-Tapi-Narmada link project is proposed to be signed which would pave the way for implementation of these link projects.

Mahanadi – Godavari Link Project

  • Mahanadi Godavari link is the first and critical link of nine link system of Mahanadi-Godavari-Krishna-Pennar-Cauvery-Vaigai-Gundar under Peninsular Component of NPP.
  • The Government of Odisha was not agreeable for the Mahanadi (Manibhadra) - Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra dam proposed under the link project.
  • As decided during weekly review meetings taken by the Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources, RD & GR on December 3,2014, NWDA has examined feasibility of Mahanadi – Godavari link to address concerns of Govt. of Odisha due to considerable submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam in Mahanadi – Godavari link.
  • Alternate proposals of Manibhadra – Mahanadi with reduced submergence has been prepared and discussed with Principal Secretary, WRD, Odisha on 06.04.2015 by DG, NWDA.
  • Based on the suggestions of WRD, Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has proposed a revised preliminary proposal of Mahanadi-Godavari link project with reduced submergence. A presentation on the revised proposal of Mahanadi-Godavari link project has been made to the Hon’ble Chief Minister, Govt. of Odisha on 29.05.2015 by the senior officers of MoWR, RD & GR.
  • Due to variation in availability of water/water balance of Mahanadi basin at proposed Manibhadra dam site, it was decided that NIH will carry out system studies of Mahanadi-Godavari link project (Flood moderation study) and NIH has taken up the study.
  • Hon’ble Minister (WR,RD&GR) held a meeting with the Chief Minister of Odisha on 03.02.2016 at Bhubaneswar regarding Mahanadi- Godavari link project. A positive response is expected from Govt. of Odisha in this regard.

Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link

  • MSTG link envisages diversion of 43 BCM of surplus water of Manas, Sankosh and intermediate rivers, for augmenting the flow of Ganga and provide 14 BCM of water in Mahanadi basin for further diversion to South through Peninsular link system.
  • Pre-feasibility Report of MSTG link was completed in 1996 and the Feasibility Report (FR) as per the original alignment could not be completed as Manas-Sankosh-Teesta link is passing through Manas Tiger Reserve, Buxa Tiger Reserve and other forests.
  • Considering practical difficulties for surveys and investigation in the area, now NWDA has carried out alternate alignment studies avoiding various reserved forests with about 80 m lift.
  • The Hon’ble Union Minister (WR, RD & GR) has sent a D.O. letter to Hon’ble Chief Minister, West Bengal on 31.12.2015 soliciting her support to the link project, which would provide large benefits of irrigation, drinking water & flood control to Assam, West Bengal and Bihar.
  • The Feasibility Report of the Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link for Alternate alignment is under final stage of preparation.

India Water Week – 2015

  • An International Water Conference with the theme “Water Management for Sustainable Development” was successfully organized during 13 – 17 January, 2015.
  • The conference was inaugurated by Sushri Uma Bharti, Hon’ble Minster of WR, RD & GR, Government of India on 13th January, 2015 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi and was attended by about 1450 national and international delegates; Australia was the partner country.
  • Concurrently running exhibition enriching the theme and showcasing the technologies and solutions available for the areas under deliberation of the meet was also organized at Pragati Maidan during 14 – 17 January, 2015.

India Water Week – 2016

  • India Water Week (IWW) 2016 was held from April 4-8, 2016 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi and Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
  • The theme of India Water Week 2016 is “Water for all: Striving Together”.

Jal Manthan-1

  • A three days conference ‘Jal Manthan’ was organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi from 20 – 22 November, 2014 to evolve strategies for better water resources development and management through wider consultations amongst various stakeholders. On the second day of the conference i.e. 21st November, 2014 issues related to ‘Interlinking of Rivers programme’ were discussed exclusively.

Jal Manthan-2

  • A two days conference ‘Jal Manthan-2’ was organized at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi from 22 – 23 February, 2016. The consultation and discussion was held on first day on River Basin Approach for Sustainable Development, Ground Water Management, Water Security etc. whereas, discussions on the second day was focused on Water Management, Coordination between Centre and States, Water Conservation, Innovations in Water Governance and Interlinking of Rivers etc.

Intra-State Links

  • NWDA has received 46 proposals of intra-state links from 9 States viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh.
  • Out of these 46 proposals, Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFRs) of 35 intra-state links have been completed by NWDA up to March, 2015.
  • In addition to National Perspective Plan link, the Detailed Project Report (DPR) of two Intra-State links of Bihar State viz Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga and Kosi-Mechi link have been completed in December 2013 and March 2014 respectively. Detailed Project Report of Kosi-Mechi link in under technical appraisal in CWC.
  • DPRs of Ponnaiyar –Palar link (Tamil Nadu), Wainganga (Gosikhurd)-Nalganga (Purna Tapi) link (Maharashtra), Barakar-Damodar-Subarnarekha and Vamsadhara-Rushikulya (Nandaninalla) are under progress. Out of these, DPR of Ponnaiyar-Palar link is various stages of completion.

Benefit from Interlinking of Rivers (Inter basin water transfer)

  • The overall implementation of Interlinking of Rivers programme under National Perspective Plan would give benefits of 35 million hectares of irrigation, raising the ultimate irrigation potential from 140 million hectare to 175 million hectare and generation of 34000 megawatt of power, apart from the incidental benefits of flood control, navigation, water supply, fisheries, salinity and pollution control etc.